Tag Archives: C#

View Raw SQL in EF Core – Simple Option

Hi everyone,

I’ve been looking for a simple way of viewing the raw output of sql in my local environment without having to make code changes and came across the following config setup:

{
“Logging”: {
“LogLevel”: {
“Default”: “Debug”,
“System”: “Information”,
“Microsoft”: “Information”
}
}

This will show the sql statements in your output window without requiring any additional code:
sql-output

Thanks to this stackoverflow post for the answer: https://stackoverflow.com/a/54704006/522859

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Unable to Migrate after Adding Config to Startup

Hi everyone,

Just a quick post on fixing up a migration error after I added new config to startup.cs via DI. The error after running add-migration was pretty unintuitive:

Unable to create an object of type 'ApplicationDbContext'. For the different patterns supported at design time, see https://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?linkid=851728

To find out a bit more I ran the following:

add-migration -verbose

This revealed the fact that there was an issue with adding my config line. The error stated that I had to have an empty constructor which led me on a bit of a wild goose chase.

The solution was simply a missed entry in application.json. In my case it was an omitted “assembly” section. Having said that, I did come across a few instances where people had the same problem when omitting commas etc.

Hopefully that’s able to get you on the right track!

Thanks,
Chris

Dynamic Robots.txt with Web Api 2

Hi everyone,

For a project I’m currently working on I needed a dynamic robots.txt. Because our test environment is public facing we want to keep it from being indexed by Google etc. It took a bit of Googling to find a solution that worked, but in the end it was actually pretty simple.

Here’s the action in one of the API Controllers:

    public class UtilitiesController : CustomBaseApiController
    {
        [Route("Robots.txt")]
        [HttpGet]
        public HttpResponseMessage GetRobotsFile()
        {
            var resp = new HttpResponseMessage(HttpStatusCode.OK);
            var stringBuilder = new StringBuilder();

            if (Helpers.IsProduction())
            {
                // Allow bots in production
                stringBuilder.AppendLine("user-agent: *");
                stringBuilder.AppendLine("disallow: ");
            }
            else
            {
                // Don't allow bots in non-production environments
                stringBuilder.AppendLine("user-agent: *");
                stringBuilder.AppendLine("disallow: *");
            }

            resp.Content = new StringContent(stringBuilder.ToString());

            return resp;
        }
    }

Also need to add the following to your web.config so that the robots.txt file can processed by the routing handler. Without this IIS will attempt to serve it as a static file and will return a 404 when it’s not found:


    
    
        
        
        
    
    

In production you’ll end up with the following:

user-agent: *
disallow:

And any other environments:

user-agent: *
disallow: *

Thanks to these answers on stackoverflow for the info:
https://stackoverflow.com/a/52270877/522859
https://stackoverflow.com/a/17037935/522859

Error Number:8152,State:10,Class:16 String or binary data would be truncated. The statement has been terminated. – Entity Framework

Hi everyone,

I ran into the following error after adding model validation attributes to a database with existing values:

Error Number:8152,State:10,Class:16
String or binary data would be truncated.
The statement has been terminated.

The solution is pretty straightforward if you’re happy to truncate the values. Simply run the query below, swapping Title for your column name, Products for your table name and 25 for your new column length:

UPDATE Products
SET Title = LEFT(Title, 25)
WHERE LEN(Title) > 25

You should then be able to run update-database without any issues:

PM> update-database
Specify the ‘-Verbose’ flag to view the SQL statements being applied to the target database.
Applying explicit migrations: [201806240741543_product_validation].
Applying explicit migration: 201806240741543_product_validation.
Running Seed method.
PM>

Thanks to David in for his answer on Stackoverflow: https://stackoverflow.com/a/24931522/522859

LINQ to Entities does not recognize the method ‘System.Linq.IQueryable

Hi everyone,

I ran into the following error today while attempting to use a raw query with entity framework:

LINQ to Entities does not recognize the method ‘System.Linq.IQueryable…method, and this method cannot be translated into a store expression

I was using FromQuery, and while I’m not too sure what was causing the issue, switching to SqlQuery resolved it:

// Original code
var carList = resp.Db.Cars.FromSql(“SELECT * FROM cars”);
// Changed code
var carList = resp.Db.Cars.SqlQuery(“SELECT * FROM cars”);

Hopefully that’s able to help out anyone else with the issue.

Thanks,
Chris

Web API 2 – ExceptionMessage=No MediaTypeFormatter is available to read an object of type ‘HttpPostedFileBase’ from content with media type ‘multipart/form-data’.

Hi everyone,

I ran into the following error while trying to get image uploads working with Web API 2:

ExceptionMessage=No MediaTypeFormatter is available to read an object of type ‘HttpPostedFileBase’ from content with media type ‘multipart/form-data’.

I had been trying to copy the following from an mvc controller in another project:

public IHttpActionResult Upload(HttpPostedFileBase file, Models.Image.ImageAssociationType associationType, int associationId)

The fix was to use the following instead:

public IHttpActionResult Upload(Models.Image.ImageAssociationType associationType, int associationId)
{
var file = HttpContext.Current.Request.Files.Count > 0 ? HttpContext.Current.Request.Files[0] : null;

Thanks to this stackoverflow post for the info: https://stackoverflow.com/a/28370156/522859

DbSet does not contain a definition for ‘FromSQL’ and no extension method ‘FromSql’ accepting an argument of type ‘DbSet’ could be found.

Hi everyone,

I ran into the following error while attempting to use a custom query with EntityFramework:

DbSet does not contain a definition for ‘FromSQL’ and no extension method ‘FromSql’ accepting an argument of type ‘DbSet’ could be found.

This one’s pretty straight forward:

// Install the following package via nuget
Install-package Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore.Relational

//Add the following namespace to your file
using Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore;

Hopefully that’ll solve it for you, but if not there’s a lot a more information in these posts:
https://stackoverflow.com/a/38919326/522859
https://github.com/npgsql/Npgsql.EntityFrameworkCore.PostgreSQL/issues/146