Tag Archives: Robotics

Using INA219 (GY-219) with the Raspberry Pi

Hi everyone,

I’ve just setup an INA219B Voltage/Current sensor on my RaspberryPi. Just thought I’d link the tutorials and libraries I used – there’s a lot of really useful info out there.

Install the following library via git: https://github.com/chrisb2/pi_ina219
sudo pip3 install pi-ina219

Follow this tutorial: https://www.rototron.info/raspberry-pi-ina219-tutorial/

Misc Notes

  • Common ground is required
  • Vin – and Vin+ are attached to +, neither goes to ground

Custom Sensor Address
na = INA219(SHUNT_OHMS, MAX_EXPECTED_AMPS, address=0x41)

Can be configured via the following:

Enable Low Power Between Reads
ina.configure(ina.RANGE_16V)
while True:
print "Voltage : %.3f V" % ina.voltage()
ina.sleep()
time.sleep(60)
ina.wake()

If you’re getting the following error:

OSError: [Errno 121] Remote I/O error

Run the following command:

i2cdetect -y 1

And check to ensure that your device is showing up on 40. If it’s a different number you’ll just need to update the address in your code e.g. (0x40, 0x41, etc.)

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Mini-360 DC-DC Buck Converter – Incorrect Voltage 10v Instead of 5v

Hi everyone,

I’ve been playing around with a few DC-DC buck converters similar to these ones: https://www.amazon.com.au/UEB-Power-Converter-Module-Supply/dp/B078CXHWXC/ref=sr_1_fkmr1_1?ie=UTF8&qid=1519030369&sr=8-1-fkmr1&keywords=mini+360+buck+converter

I had expected 5v output from my 12v supply but when I hooked it up to a multimeter I found I was getting just over 10v. This would fry pretty much everything in my circuit so I was pretty worried.

After a bit of research, I came across a thread on eevblog that mentioned a screw for adjustment. Looking closely you can see that there is a small screw on the side of the chip. Turning this quarter of a rotation anti-clockwise put mine at exactly 5.04 volts.

A few other small tips:

  • The thread seems to indicate that some models require a lot more turning (up to 30 seconds for one poster).
  • I had to push down fairly hard to get it to actually turn the part underneath instead of just the metal cover

Hopefully this helps someone else out!

Eevblog: https://www.eevblog.com/forum/beginners/dc-dc-buck-converter-step-down-module-lm2596-power-supply/

Thanks,
Chris

Duinotech Hall Effect Sensor with RaspberryPi

Hi everyone,

This is just a quick post to cover how the Duinotech hall effect sensor module (XC-4434) can be hooked up to a RaspberryPi.

Sample Code

The code below will output a zero when the sensor is activated by a magnet, otherwise a zero.


import time
import datetime
import RPi.GPIO as GPIO

# Define constants
BUCKET_HALL_EFFECT_SIG_PIN = 14

# Setup GPIO pins
GPIO.setmode(GPIO.BCM)
GPIO.setwarnings(False)
GPIO.setup(BUCKET_HALL_EFFECT_SIG_PIN, GPIO.IN, pull_up_down=GPIO.PUD_UP) # Important

while True:
print(str(GPIO.input(BUCKET_HALL_EFFECT_SIG_PIN))
time.sleep(0.5)

Wiring

Example

When near a magnetic field the light on the sensor will turn on. If you’re using the sample code above, a zero will be shown when close to a magnet, otherwise a 1.

Misc

Purchased from: https://www.jaycar.com.au/arduino-compatible-hall-effect-sensor-module/p/XC4434

Spec Sheet: Z7275

Could not find a version that satisfied the requirement smbus/python3-smbus

Hi everyone,

I ran into a bit of an issue installing smbus on Python3.5. It looks like all you have to do is use smbus2:

pip3.5 install smbus2

Collecting smbus2
Downloading smbus2-0.2.0.tar.gz
Building wheels for collected packages: smbus2
Running setup.py bdist_wheel for smbus2 … done
Stored in directory: /root/.cache/pip/wheels/90/71/b4/9f90d8e2d0349ab55fef07169a81bd8f925965f16174e2f809
Successfully built smbus2
Installing collected packages: smbus2
Successfully installed smbus2-0.2.0

Thanks to the following link: https://www.raspberrypi.org/forums/viewtopic.php?t=192909

Pillow Install Fails – Python 3.5.2

Hi everyone,

Pillow install fails

I ran into a bit of an issue trying to install Pillow on Raspbian with Python 3.5.2. The full error is below, but the solution was simply to install the following:

sudo apt-get install libjpeg8-dev
sudo pip3.5 install pillow

sudo pip3.5 install pillow
Collecting pillow
Using cached Pillow-4.3.0.tar.gz
Requirement already satisfied: olefile in /usr/local/lib/python3.5/site-packages (from pillow)
Installing collected packages: pillow
Running setup.py install for pillow … error
Complete output from command /usr/local/bin/python3.5 -u -c “import setuptools, tokenize;__file__=’/tmp/pip-build-inj0l_9q/pillow/setup.py’;f=getattr(tokenize, ‘open’, open)(__file__);code=f.read().replace(‘rn’, ‘n’);f.close();exec(compile(code, __file__, ‘exec’))” install –record /tmp/pip-xp_x4w_5-record/install-record.txt –single-version-externally-managed –compile:
running install
running build
running build_py
creating build
creating build/lib.linux-armv7l-3.5
creating build/lib.linux-armv7l-3.5/PIL
copying PIL/MicImagePlugin.py -> build/lib.linux-armv7l-3.5/PIL
copying PIL/ImageMath.py -> build/lib.linux-armv7l-3.5/PIL
copying PIL/WebPImagePlugin.py -> build/lib.linux-armv7l-3.5/PIL
copying PIL/ImagePath.py -> build/lib.linux-armv7l-3.5/PIL
copying PIL/ImageGrab.py -> build/lib.linux-armv7l-3.5/PIL
copying PIL/SunImagePlugin.py -> build/lib.linux-armv7l-3.5/PIL
copying PIL/__init__.py -> build/lib.linux-armv7l-3.5/PIL
copying PIL/ImageEnhance.py -> build/lib.linux-armv7l-3.5/PIL
copying PIL/ImageMorph.py -> build/lib.linux-armv7l-3.5/PIL
copying PIL/XpmImagePlugin.py -> build/lib.linux-armv7l-3.5/PIL
copying PIL/EpsImagePlugin.py -> build/lib.linux-armv7l-3.5/PIL
copying PIL/FtexImagePlugin.py -> build/lib.linux-armv7l-3.5/PIL
copying PIL/WmfImagePlugin.py -> build/lib.linux-armv7l-3.5/PIL
copying PIL/FitsStubImagePlugin.py -> build/lib.linux-armv7l-3.5/PIL
copying PIL/ImageDraw2.py -> build/lib.linux-armv7l-3.5/PIL
copying PIL/IptcImagePlugin.py -> build/lib.linux-armv7l-3.5/PIL
copying PIL/_binary.py -> build/lib.linux-armv7l-3.5/PIL
copying PIL/MpoImagePlugin.py -> build/lib.linux-armv7l-3.5/PIL
copying PIL/Hdf5StubImagePlugin.py -> build/lib.linux-armv7l-3.5/PIL
copying PIL/Image.py -> build/lib.linux-armv7l-3.5/PIL
copying PIL/MspImagePlugin.py -> build/lib.linux-armv7l-3.5/PIL
copying PIL/ImageWin.py -> build/lib.linux-armv7l-3.5/PIL
copying PIL/GimpPaletteFile.py -> build/lib.linux-armv7l-3.5/PIL
copying PIL/ImageTk.py -> build/lib.linux-armv7l-3.5/PIL
copying PIL/PSDraw.py -> build/lib.linux-armv7l-3.5/PIL
copying PIL/McIdasImagePlugin.py -> build/lib.linux-armv7l-3.5/PIL
copying PIL/SgiImagePlugin.py -> build/lib.linux-armv7l-3.5/PIL
copying PIL/ImageStat.py -> build/lib.linux-armv7l-3.5/PIL
copying PIL/ImageChops.py -> build/lib.linux-armv7l-3.5/PIL
copying PIL/PdfImagePlugin.py -> build/lib.linux-armv7l-3.5/PIL
copying PIL/features.py -> build/lib.linux-armv7l-3.5/PIL
copying PIL/PcfFontFile.py -> build/lib.linux-armv7l-3.5/PIL
copying PIL/PcxImagePlugin.py -> build/lib.linux-armv7l-3.5/PIL
copying PIL/ImageOps.py -> build/lib.linux-armv7l-3.5/PIL
copying PIL/ImagePalette.py -> build/lib.linux-armv7l-3.5/PIL
copying PIL/TgaImagePlugin.py -> build/lib.linux-armv7l-3.5/PIL
copying PIL/ImImagePlugin.py -> build/lib.linux-armv7l-3.5/PIL
copying PIL/ImageSequence.py -> build/lib.linux-armv7l-3.5/PIL
copying PIL/_util.py -> build/lib.linux-armv7l-3.5/PIL
copying PIL/TiffTags.py -> build/lib.linux-armv7l-3.5/PIL
copying PIL/BmpImagePlugin.py -> build/lib.linux-armv7l-3.5/PIL
copying PIL/DdsImagePlugin.py -> build/lib.linux-armv7l-3.5/PIL
copying PIL/ExifTags.py -> build/lib.linux-armv7l-3.5/PIL
copying PIL/PyAccess.py -> build/lib.linux-armv7l-3.5/PIL
copying PIL/PpmImagePlugin.py -> build/lib.linux-armv7l-3.5/PIL
copying PIL/ImageCms.py -> build/lib.linux-armv7l-3.5/PIL
copying PIL/PaletteFile.py -> build/lib.linux-armv7l-3.5/PIL
copying PIL/XVThumbImagePlugin.py -> build/lib.linux-armv7l-3.5/PIL
copying PIL/IcoImagePlugin.py -> build/lib.linux-armv7l-3.5/PIL
copying PIL/ImageFilter.py -> build/lib.linux-armv7l-3.5/PIL
copying PIL/ImageFont.py -> build/lib.linux-armv7l-3.5/PIL
copying PIL/GifImagePlugin.py -> build/lib.linux-armv7l-3.5/PIL
copying PIL/GbrImagePlugin.py -> build/lib.linux-armv7l-3.5/PIL
copying PIL/XbmImagePlugin.py -> build/lib.linux-armv7l-3.5/PIL
copying PIL/PngImagePlugin.py -> build/lib.linux-armv7l-3.5/PIL
copying PIL/FontFile.py -> build/lib.linux-armv7l-3.5/PIL
copying PIL/IcnsImagePlugin.py -> build/lib.linux-armv7l-3.5/PIL
copying PIL/TiffImagePlugin.py -> build/lib.linux-armv7l-3.5/PIL
copying PIL/_tkinter_finder.py -> build/lib.linux-armv7l-3.5/PIL
copying PIL/DcxImagePlugin.py -> build/lib.linux-armv7l-3.5/PIL
copying PIL/OleFileIO.py -> build/lib.linux-armv7l-3.5/PIL
copying PIL/SpiderImagePlugin.py -> build/lib.linux-armv7l-3.5/PIL
copying PIL/JpegImagePlugin.py -> build/lib.linux-armv7l-3.5/PIL
copying PIL/GribStubImagePlugin.py -> build/lib.linux-armv7l-3.5/PIL
copying PIL/MpegImagePlugin.py -> build/lib.linux-armv7l-3.5/PIL
copying PIL/PalmImagePlugin.py -> build/lib.linux-armv7l-3.5/PIL
copying PIL/BdfFontFile.py -> build/lib.linux-armv7l-3.5/PIL
copying PIL/GimpGradientFile.py -> build/lib.linux-armv7l-3.5/PIL
copying PIL/PsdImagePlugin.py -> build/lib.linux-armv7l-3.5/PIL
copying PIL/WalImageFile.py -> build/lib.linux-armv7l-3.5/PIL
copying PIL/ImageFile.py -> build/lib.linux-armv7l-3.5/PIL
copying PIL/PcdImagePlugin.py -> build/lib.linux-armv7l-3.5/PIL
copying PIL/version.py -> build/lib.linux-armv7l-3.5/PIL
copying PIL/FpxImagePlugin.py -> build/lib.linux-armv7l-3.5/PIL
copying PIL/ImageQt.py -> build/lib.linux-armv7l-3.5/PIL
copying PIL/Jpeg2KImagePlugin.py -> build/lib.linux-armv7l-3.5/PIL
copying PIL/ImageDraw.py -> build/lib.linux-armv7l-3.5/PIL
copying PIL/GdImageFile.py -> build/lib.linux-armv7l-3.5/PIL
copying PIL/ContainerIO.py -> build/lib.linux-armv7l-3.5/PIL
copying PIL/CurImagePlugin.py -> build/lib.linux-armv7l-3.5/PIL
copying PIL/FliImagePlugin.py -> build/lib.linux-armv7l-3.5/PIL
copying PIL/ImageMode.py -> build/lib.linux-armv7l-3.5/PIL
copying PIL/JpegPresets.py -> build/lib.linux-armv7l-3.5/PIL
copying PIL/PixarImagePlugin.py -> build/lib.linux-armv7l-3.5/PIL
copying PIL/ImageColor.py -> build/lib.linux-armv7l-3.5/PIL
copying PIL/BufrStubImagePlugin.py -> build/lib.linux-armv7l-3.5/PIL
copying PIL/ImageTransform.py -> build/lib.linux-armv7l-3.5/PIL
copying PIL/ImageShow.py -> build/lib.linux-armv7l-3.5/PIL
copying PIL/TarIO.py -> build/lib.linux-armv7l-3.5/PIL
copying PIL/ImtImagePlugin.py -> build/lib.linux-armv7l-3.5/PIL
running egg_info
writing dependency_links to Pillow.egg-info/dependency_links.txt
writing requirements to Pillow.egg-info/requires.txt
writing top-level names to Pillow.egg-info/top_level.txt
writing Pillow.egg-info/PKG-INFO
warning: manifest_maker: standard file ‘-c’ not found

reading manifest file ‘Pillow.egg-info/SOURCES.txt’
reading manifest template ‘MANIFEST.in’
warning: no files found matching ‘*.sh’
no previously-included directories found matching ‘docs/_static’
warning: no previously-included files found matching ‘.coveragerc’
warning: no previously-included files found matching ‘codecov.yml’
warning: no previously-included files found matching ‘.editorconfig’
warning: no previously-included files found matching ‘.landscape.yaml’
warning: no previously-included files found matching ‘.travis’
warning: no previously-included files found matching ‘.travis/*’
warning: no previously-included files found matching ‘appveyor.yml’
warning: no previously-included files found matching ‘build_children.sh’
warning: no previously-included files found matching ‘tox.ini’
warning: no previously-included files matching ‘.git*’ found anywhere in distribution
warning: no previously-included files matching ‘*.pyc’ found anywhere in distribution
warning: no previously-included files matching ‘*.so’ found anywhere in distribution
writing manifest file ‘Pillow.egg-info/SOURCES.txt’
running build_ext

The headers or library files could not be found for jpeg,
a required dependency when compiling Pillow from source.

Please see the install instructions at:
https://pillow.readthedocs.io/en/latest/installation.html

Traceback (most recent call last):
File “/tmp/pip-build-inj0l_9q/pillow/setup.py”, line 787, in
zip_safe=not (debug_build() or PLATFORM_MINGW), )
File “/usr/local/lib/python3.5/distutils/core.py”, line 148, in setup
dist.run_commands()
File “/usr/local/lib/python3.5/distutils/dist.py”, line 955, in run_commands
self.run_command(cmd)
File “/usr/local/lib/python3.5/distutils/dist.py”, line 974, in run_command
cmd_obj.run()
File “/usr/local/lib/python3.5/site-packages/setuptools/command/install.py”, line 61, in run
return orig.install.run(self)
File “/usr/local/lib/python3.5/distutils/command/install.py”, line 539, in run
self.run_command(‘build’)
File “/usr/local/lib/python3.5/distutils/cmd.py”, line 313, in run_command
self.distribution.run_command(command)
File “/usr/local/lib/python3.5/distutils/dist.py”, line 974, in run_command
cmd_obj.run()
File “/usr/local/lib/python3.5/distutils/command/build.py”, line 135, in run
self.run_command(cmd_name)
File “/usr/local/lib/python3.5/distutils/cmd.py”, line 313, in run_command
self.distribution.run_command(command)
File “/usr/local/lib/python3.5/distutils/dist.py”, line 974, in run_command
cmd_obj.run()
File “/usr/local/lib/python3.5/distutils/command/build_ext.py”, line 338, in run
self.build_extensions()
File “/tmp/pip-build-inj0l_9q/pillow/setup.py”, line 577, in build_extensions
raise RequiredDependencyException(f)
__main__.RequiredDependencyException: jpeg

During handling of the above exception, another exception occurred:

Traceback (most recent call last):
File “”, line 1, in
File “/tmp/pip-build-inj0l_9q/pillow/setup.py”, line 799, in
raise RequiredDependencyException(msg)
__main__.RequiredDependencyException:

The headers or library files could not be found for jpeg,
a required dependency when compiling Pillow from source.

Please see the install instructions at:
https://pillow.readthedocs.io/en/latest/installation.html

—————————————-
Command “/usr/local/bin/python3.5 -u -c “import setuptools, tokenize;__file__=’/tmp/pip-build-inj0l_9q/pillow/setup.py’;f=getattr(tokenize, ‘open’, open)(__file__);code=f.read().replace(‘rn’, ‘n’);f.close();exec(compile(code, __file__, ‘exec’))” install –record /tmp/pip-xp_x4w_5-record/install-record.txt –single-version-externally-managed –compile” failed with error code 1 in /tmp/pip-build-inj0l_9q/pillow/

Thanks to the comment on the following Stackoverflow post for the solution: https://stackoverflow.com/a/34631976/522859

Updating to Python 3.5.1 on RaspberryPi

Hi everyone,

Just a quick post on how to update to Python 3.5.1 the normal upgrade process isn’t working for you:


cd ~
wget https://www.python.org/ftp/python/3.5.1/Python-3.5.1.tgz
tar -zxvf Python-3.5.1.tgz
cd Python-3.5.1
./configure && make && sudo make install

You may need to restart once this is complete. Run the following to confirm that the version is 3.5.1:

pi@raspberrypi:~ $ python3 --version
Python 3.5.1

Check out the following link for more info: https://stackoverflow.com/a/37079319/522859

AttributeError: ‘dict’ object has no attribute ‘iteritems’ – Python

Hey everyone,

Just running through object detection samples for Tensorflow and I encountered the following error:

Sample: https://github.com/GoogleCloudPlatform/tensorflow-object-detection-example

AttributeError: ‘dict’ object has no attribute ‘iteritems’

The issue seems to be that the sample hasn’t been made compatible with Python 3.x. Simply make the following change and it should work:


# Original
for cls, new_image in new_images.iteritems():

# Changed
for cls, new_image in new_images.items():

Thanks to the following StackOverflow post: https://stackoverflow.com/a/30418498/522859