Tag Archives: MSSQL

Unable to create object of type ‘ApplicationDbContext’ – Updating to .NET Core 3.0

Hi everyone,

I’ve just updated to .net core 3.0 and have been hitting a few issues. I hit this one while trying to add a migration:

Unable to create an object of type ‘ApplicationDbContext’. For the different patterns supported at design time, see https://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?linkid=851728

Adding -verbose to this allowed me to narrow the cause down a little further:

PM> add-migration add-propertyid-to-entities-for-events -verbose
Using project ‘PropertyApi’.
Using startup project ‘PropertyApi’.
Build started…
Build succeeded.
C:\Program Files\dotnet\dotnet.exe exec –depsfile C:\Users\Celeste\Documents\repos\property-api\PropertyApi\bin\Debug\netcoreapp3.0\PropertyApi.deps.json –additionalprobingpath C:\Users\Celeste\.nuget\packages –additionalprobingpath “C:\Program Files\dotnet\sdk\NuGetFallbackFolder” –runtimeconfig C:\Users\Celeste\Documents\repos\property-api\PropertyApi\bin\Debug\netcoreapp3.0\PropertyApi.runtimeconfig.json C:\Users\Celeste\.nuget\packages\microsoft.entityframeworkcore.tools\3.0.0\tools\netcoreapp2.0\any\ef.dll migrations add add-propertyid-to-entities-for-events –json –verbose –no-color –prefix-output –assembly C:\Users\Celeste\Documents\repos\property-api\PropertyApi\bin\Debug\netcoreapp3.0\PropertyApi.dll –startup-assembly C:\Users\Celeste\Documents\repos\property-api\PropertyApi\bin\Debug\netcoreapp3.0\PropertyApi.dll –project-dir C:\Users\Celeste\Documents\repos\property-api\PropertyApi\ –language C# –working-dir C:\Users\Celeste\Documents\repos\property-api –root-namespace PropertyApi
Using assembly ‘PropertyApi’.
Using startup assembly ‘PropertyApi’.
Using application base ‘C:\Users\Celeste\Documents\repos\property-api\PropertyApi\bin\Debug\netcoreapp3.0’.
Using working directory ‘C:\Users\Celeste\Documents\repos\property-api\PropertyApi’.
Using root namespace ‘PropertyApi’.
Using project directory ‘C:\Users\Celeste\Documents\repos\property-api\PropertyApi\’.
Finding DbContext classes…
Finding IDesignTimeDbContextFactory implementations…
Finding application service provider…
Finding Microsoft.Extensions.Hosting service provider…
Using environment ‘Development’.
System.ArgumentNullException: Value cannot be null. (Parameter ‘implementationInstance’)

The key part here are the fact that it can’t find the config values and that it’s attempting to use the ‘Development’ env whereas it should be looking for ‘Local’.

It seems that during the upgrade all of my environment variables have been wiped. All that was required was to run the following (change local to match your environment):

$Env:ASPNETCORE_ENVIRONMENT = “Local”

Running the add-migration command should now user the local configuration. Thanks to the following link for the solution:
https://stackoverflow.com/a/50507486/522859

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Set Date Back Twelve Hours – MSSQL

Hey everyone,

A quick post on how to set a date value for twelve hours ago using SQL Server:

UPDATE MyTable
SET MyDate = dateadd(HOUR, -12, CURRENT_TIMESTAMP)

Simply use the dateadd function and specify the unit (hours in this case). The example above will set MyDate to twelve hours ago.

Here’s the offical documentation on the function: https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/sql/t-sql/functions/dateadd-transact-sql?view=sql-server-2017

Also, thanks to this stackoverflow post for the info: https://stackoverflow.com/a/18518412/522859

Cannot attach the file ‘C:…database.mdf’ as database x – Entity Framework

Hi everyone,

I ran into the following error when attempting to run ‘update-database’ on an initial migration:

Cannot attach the file ‘C:Users…App_Dataaspnet-…115933.mdf’ as database ‘aspnet-…15933’

The solution to this one is pretty easy, remove the initial catalog property from your connection string.

…33.mdf;Initial Catalog=aspnet…

This is apparently caused by issues with EntityFramework and multiple projects in the same database. See the following stackoverflow answer for more info: https://stackoverflow.com/a/20176660/522859

View Generated SQL in Entity Framework (EF)

Hey everyone,

Just a quick post on how to view the generated sql in entity framework. To start with, just add the following line to your db context constructor:

public class TestDbContext : DbContext
    {
        public TestDbContext() : base("name=TestDbContext")
        {
            this.Database.Log = s => System.Diagnostics.Debug.WriteLine(s); //This line
        }
        ...

With this line added, you should now be able to see all of your generated sql in the output window.

SELECT TOP (1) 
    [Project1].[VidId] AS [VidId], 
    [Project1].[CreatedAt] AS [CreatedAt], 
    [Project1].[Check] AS [Check], 
    [Project1].[SourceCheck] AS [SourceCheck]
    FROM ( SELECT 
        [Extent1].[VidId] AS [VidId], 
        [Extent1].[CreatedAt] AS [CreatedAt], 
        [Extent1].[Check] AS [Check], 
        [Extent1].[SourceCheck] AS [SourceCheck]
        FROM [dbo].[Vids] AS [Extent1]
        WHERE [Extent1].[VidId] < @p__linq__0
    )  AS [Project1]
    ORDER BY [Project1].[VidId] DESC

-- p__linq__0: '535' (Type = Int32)
-- Executing at 28/06/2014 5:00:16 PM +10:00
-- Completed in 0 ms with result: SqlDataReader

If you’re not using EF6, there were a few other options where I came across this solution: http://stackoverflow.com/a/20751723/522859