Category Archives: AWS

AWS SAM not re-creating DynamoDb Table that was manually deleted – CodeStar

Hi everyone,

I ran into a bit of an issue after deleting a DynamoDb table via the AWS Console that had been created via CloudFormation (using AWS SAM). After deleting it I had expected it to be re-created automatically on the next deploy. Unfortunately this didn’t happen.

I came across the following AWS article that does a pretty good job of summarising the issue: https://aws.amazon.com/premiumsupport/knowledge-center/failing-stack-updates-deleted/

To fix it, I removed all references to the table from my template.yml file (this includes the table definition and any !Ref tags). After pushing this changeset I returned all of the references and re-pushed.

Let me know if you have any issues!

Cheers,
Chris

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Error: Invalid value for “–parameter-overrides”: ParameterKey=TABLE_NAME,ParameterValue=CatBreeds is not in valid format. It must look something like ‘ParameterKey=KeyPairName,ParameterValue=MyKey ParameterKey=InstanceType,ParameterValue=t1.micro’ – AWS SAM CLI

Hi everyone,

I ran into the following error while using the AWS SAM Cli:

Error: Invalid value for "--parameter-overrides": ParameterKey=PURPLE_FROG,ParameterValue=CatBreeds is not in valid format. It must look something like 'ParameterKey=KeyPairName,ParameterValue=MyKey ParameterKey=InstanceType,ParameterValue=t1.micro'

This is the command I was running:

sam local start-api --parameter-overrides "ParameterKey=PURPLE_FROG,ParameterValue=CatBreeds"

The error message is unfortunately very misleading. After a fair bit of testing I found that the cause is actually the underscore in the parameter key and has nothing to do with the command format. Renaming all of the parameters to something like “PURPLEFROG” works.

Cheers,
Chris

AWS SAM Cheat Sheet/Quick Reference

Hi everyone,

This will just be a living cheat sheet or quick reference for using AWS SAM with nodejs. I’ll add to it as I find things that are useful or I might need again.

General AWS SAM Info:

Description Example More
Validate template sam validate
Start AWS Sam Locally https://docs.aws.amazon.com/serverless-application-model/latest/developerguide/serverless-quick-start.html
Access config variable in Lambda const CAT_BREED_TABLE = process.env.CAT_BREED_TABLE; https://stackoverflow.com/a/48491845/522859
Dynamically reference another resource in template.yml CAT_BREED_TABLE: !Ref DynamoDbCatBreedTable https://docs.aws.amazon.com/AWSCloudFormation/latest/UserGuide/intrinsic-function-reference-ref.html

Dynamo DB Local Info:

Description Example More
Create table aws dynamodb create-table –table-name CatBreeds –attribute-definitions AttributeName=CatBreedId,AttributeType=S –key-schema AttributeName=CatBreedId,KeyType=HASH –provisioned-throughput ReadCapacityUnits=5,WriteCapacityUnits=5
–endpoint-url http://192.168.0.31:8000
https://docs.aws.amazon.com/amazondynamodb/latest/developerguide/Tools.CLI.html
List Tables aws dynamodb list-tables –endpoint-url http://192.168.0.31:8000 https://docs.aws.amazon.com/amazondynamodb/latest/developerguide/Tools.CLI.html
List All Rows in Table aws dynamodb scan –table-name PestinatorTable –endpoint-url http://192.168.0.31:8000 https://stackoverflow.com/a/52236600/522859

Node.js Info:

Description Example More
Run tests npm test

4: /codebuild/output/tmp/script.sh: pip: not found – Node.js and CodeStar

Hi everyone,

I ran into the following CodeBuild error after upgrading my build environment from the default nodejs8.10 to nodejs10.14:

4: /codebuild/output/tmp/script.sh: pip: not found

This one was a little confusing, but thankfully fairly easy to fix. In your buildspec.yml file update the pip steps to reference pip3 instead of pip:

// Original
commands:
      # Install dependencies needed for running tests
      - npm install

      # Upgrade AWS CLI to the latest version
      - pip install --upgrade awscli
// Modified
commands:
      # Install dependencies needed for running tests
      - npm install

      # Upgrade AWS CLI to the latest version
      - pip3 install --upgrade awscli

mocha tests/* sh: 1: mocha: Permission denied – AWS CodeBuild with Node.js

Hi everyone,

I ran into the following error while running a Node.js build with AWS CodeBuild:

mocha tests/* sh: 1: mocha: Permission denied

To resolve this I removed node_modules from my repository and added it to .gitignore:

node_modules/

Thanks to the following links for the info:
Add node_modules to gitignore: https://stackoverflow.com/a/29820869/522859
Misc background issues: https://github.com/mochajs/mocha/issues/1487

Parsing DynamoDB Items – AWS Lambda with Node.js

Hi everyone,

A quick post on how to parse DynamoDB items into something more readable when using lambda with Node.js:

Original:

console.log(data["Item"]);

{
    CatBreedId: { S: '17acbc81-2b4a-462b-be87-bcc49580b1ae'},
    Name: { S: 'Cat #1'}
}

Parsed:

console.log(AWS.DynamoDB.Converter.unmarshall(data["Item"]));

{
    "CatBreedId": "17acbc81-2b4a-462b-be87-bcc49580b1ae",
    "Name": "Cat #1"
}

Official doco is here: https://docs.aws.amazon.com/AWSJavaScriptSDK/latest/AWS/DynamoDB/Converter.html

Thanks to the following stackoverflow post for the info: https://stackoverflow.com/a/44536616/522859

Create DynamoDB Table – AWS CLI

Hi everyone,

A quick example of how to create a dynamodb table using the AWS CLI:

aws dynamodb create-table --table-name CatBreeds --attribute-definitions AttributeName=CatBreedId,AttributeType=S --key-schema AttributeName=CatBreedId,KeyType=HASH --provisioned-throughput ReadCapacityUnits=5,WriteCapacityUnits=5

For more info the following AWS page helped me: https://docs.aws.amazon.com/cli/latest/reference/dynamodb/create-table.html